Science/World Language

May 24, 2016

posted May 24, 2016, 7:31 PM by Unknown user

Endings Chart of Simple Tenses of the Indicative 

 

-AR

-ER

-IR

Present

O

Amos

O

Emos

O

Imos

Am, are, is

As

Ais

Es

Eis

Es

Is

Do, does

A

An

E

En

E

en

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Imperfect

Aba

Abamos

Ia

Iamos

Ia

Iamos

Used to

Abas

Abais

Ias

Iais

Ias

Iais

Was

Aba

Aban

Ia

Ian

Ia

Ian

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Preterite

E

Amos

I

Imos

I

Imos

Did

Aste

Asteis

Iste

Isteis

Iste

Isteis

 

O

Aron

Io

Ieron

Io

Ieron

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Future

E

Emos

E

Emos

E

Emos

Shall

As

Eis

As

Eis

As

Eis

Will

A

An

A

An

A

An

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Conditional

Ia

Iamos

Ia

Iamos

Ia

Iamos

Would

Ias

Iais

Ias

Iais

Ias

Iais

 

Ia

Ian

Ia

Ian

Ia

ian

 

Verb Synopsis

In a synopsis any one form of the verb is given in all the tenses.

                                                Ex) HABLAR –YO

            Indicative                                 Simple Tense                            Translation

            Present                                     Hablo                                       I speak

            Imperfect                                 Hablaba                                   I used to speak

            Preterite                                   Hable                                       I spoke

            Future                                      Hablare                                    I shall speak

            Conditional                              Habaria                                    I would speak

 

May 12, 2016

posted May 12, 2016, 12:44 PM by Unknown user

Spanish: Choose three (3) verbs from the list and conjugate them EXACTLY as I showed you.

Irregular Preterit: Pattern 1

  1. Learn the irregular preterite stem to which you add the Patern-1 irregular preterite endings. Listed below:
    1. Andar / to walk à anduv-
    2. Caber / to fit à cup-
    3. Estar / to be à estuv-
    4. Haber / to have à hub-
    5. Hacer / to do, to make à hic- (hiz- in the 3rd person)
    6. Poder / can, to be able à pud-
    7. Poner / to put, to place à pus-
    8. Querer / to want à quis-
    9. Saber / to know à sup-
    10. Tener / to have à tuv-
    11. Venir / to come à vin-
  2. Add the following irregular preterit tense endings to the irregular stems listed above.
    1. –e, -iste, -o, -imos, -isteis, -ieron
  3. Here are our results

Venir: To come

I did come or I came

 

Pronoun

Verb

Translation

 

S

I

N

G

U

L

A

R

Yo

Vine

I came

Tu

Viniste

You came (familiar)

El

Ella

Usted

Vino

Vino

Vino

He came (it)

She came (it)

You came (formal)

 

 

P

L

U

R

A

L

Nosotros

Nosotras

Vinimos

Vinimos

We came (m)

We came (f)

Vosotros

Vinisteis

You came

Ellos

Ellas

Ustedes

Vinieron

Vinieron

Vinieron

They came (m)

They came (f)

You came (formal)

Estar: To Be

I was

 

Pronoun

Verb

Translation

 

S

I

N

G

U

L

A

R

Yo

Estuve

I was

Tu

Estuviste

You were (familiar)

El

Ella

Usted

Estuvo

Estuvo

Estuvo

He was (it)

She was (it)

You were (formal)

 

 

P

L

U

R

A

L

Nosotros

Nosotras

Estuvimos

Estuvimos

We was (m)

We was (f)

Vosotros

Estuvisties

You were

Ellos

Ellas

Ustedes

Estuvieron

Estuvieron

Estuvieron

They was (m)

They was (f)

You were (formal)

 

 

 

 

 

Pronoun

Verb

Translation

 

S

I

N

G

U

L

A

R

Yo

Estuve

I was

Tu

Estuviste

You were (familiar)

El

Ella

Usted

Estuvo

Estuvo

Estuvo

He was (it)

She was (it)

You were (formal)

 

 

P

L

U

R

A

L

Nosotros

Nosotras

Estuvimos

Estuvimos

We was (m)

We was (f)

Vosotros

Estuvisties

You were

Ellos

Ellas

Ustedes

Estuvieron

Estuvieron

Estuvieron

They was (m)

They was (f)

You were (formal)

May 10, 2016

posted May 10, 2016, 4:44 PM by Unknown user

Science: We continued our lesson on the Mammals. We will continue with the Fetal Pig tomorrow. 

Spanish: Preterite Tense --> stem changing verbs

Ue/U Verbs

Dormir (To Sleep), Morir (To Die),

Supply the missing preterite forms of the verb morir (to die) – ue, u – giving the English Equivalent.

Yo mori

Tu moriste

El murio

Ella murio

Usted murio

Nosotros morimos

Nosotras morimos

Ellos murieron

Ellas murieron

Ustedes murieron

 

Ie/I Verbs

Advertir (To notice), Mentir (To Lie), Preferir (To Prefer), Sentir (To Feel Sorry, To Regret), Sugerir (To Suggest)

Supply the missing preterite forms of the verb preferir (to prefer) – ie, i – giving the English Equivalent.

Yo preferi

Tu preferiste

El prefirio

Ella prefirio

Usted prefirio

Nosotros preferimos

Nosotras preferimos

Ellos prefirieron

Ellas prefirieron

Ustedes prefirieron

 

I/I Verbs

Despedir (To Fire), Elegir (To Elect), Freir (To Fry), Impedir (To Impede, Hinder), Medir (To Measure), Pedir (To Request), Reir (To Laugh), Repetir (To Repeat), Seguir (To Follow), Servir (To Serve)

Supply the missing preterite forms of the verb repetir (to repeat) – i, i – giving the English Equivalent.

Yo repeti

Tu repetiste

El repitio

Ella repitio

Usted repitio

Nosotros repetimos

Nosotras repetimos

Ellos repitieron

Ellas repitieron

Ustedes repitieron

May 3, 2016

posted May 3, 2016, 9:13 AM by Unknown user

Science: We started to dissect the frog today by examining the muscular system and structures. We will continue tomorrow with the internal organs and body systems. Review the organs to better prepare yourself for tomorrow. 
Article #16 is due tomorrow on Google Classroom. 

May 2, 2016

posted May 2, 2016, 5:23 PM by Unknown user

Science: Finish your assignment from today and turn it in tomorrow. We are scheduled to dissect the frog tomorrow. 

April 28, 2016: Frog Dissection Presentation

posted Apr 28, 2016, 2:12 PM by Unknown user

Science: 

Frog Dissection PowerPoint.ppt

April 27, 2016

posted Apr 27, 2016, 11:55 AM by Unknown user

Science: We continued to discuss the Anatomy & Physiology of the Frog which will prepare us for our Dissection Lab on Tuesday of next week. 

Spanish: We continued our lesson of Irregular Spanish Verbs in the Preterite Tense

Preterite

1) Ir & Ser

  • The Spanish verbs ir (to go) and ser (to be) share the same forms in the Preterite. The context of a sentence or a conversation will let you know which is being used.
    • Fui a la escuela. - I went to the school. (not "I was to the school.")
    • Maria y Carlos fueron al cine. - Maria and Carlos went to the movies. (not "Maria and Carlos were to the movies.")
  • The congugation of ir and ser are shown in the tables below.

Ir = To Go

Fui

I Went

Fuimos

We Went

Fuiste

You Went

Fuisteis

You Went

Fue

He, She, It, You Went

Fueron

You all, They Went

 Ser = To Be

Fui

I Was

Fuimos

We Were

Fuiste

You Were

Fuisteis

You Were

Fue

He, She, It, You Was

Fueron

You all, They Were

 2) Ver & Dar: 

  • The Spanish verbs ver (to see) and dar (to give) are very irregular in the Preterite. The congugation of ver and dar are shown in the tables below.

Ver = To See

Vi

I Saw

Vimos

We Saw

Viste

You Saw

Visteis

You Saw

Vio

He, She, It, You Saw

Vieron

You all, They Saw

Dar = To Give

Di

I Gave

Dimos

We Gave

Diste

You Gave

Disteis

You Gave

Dio

He, She, It, You Gave

Dieron

You all, They Gave

April 26, 2016

posted Apr 26, 2016, 1:05 PM by Unknown user   [ updated Apr 26, 2016, 1:07 PM ]

Science: We started to discuss the Anatomy & Physiology of the Frog which will prepare us for our Dissection Lab on Tuesday of next week. 

Spanish: create sentences using the verb VER (To See) in the imperfect tense using the format discussed in class. 
Example) El nino veia muchas peliculas. 
The boy used to watch many movies.  
Yo
Tu
El
Ella
Usted
Nosotros
Ellos
Ellas
Ustedes

April 25, 2016

posted Apr 25, 2016, 4:29 PM by Unknown user

Science: We're going to have a quick quiz tomorrow on Birds. YAY BIRDS! 
  • Parts of Birds
  • Types of Birds
  • Mechanics of Birds

Chapter Seventeen: Birds

Lesson One: Characteristics of Birds

Feathers

  • Feathers-help birds stay warm and dry, attract mates, and fly
  • Preening and Molting
  • Preening-the act of grooming and maintaining their feathers
    • spread oil on feathers to waterproof them -Molting-the shedding of an exoskeleton, skin, feathers, or hair to be replaced by new parts. -Two Kinds of Feathers
  • Down Feathers-a soft feather that covers the body of young birds and provides insulation to adult birds.
    • are fluffy and lay next to body; are used to stay warm
  • Contour Feathers-one of the most external feathers that cover a bird and that help determine its shape
    • stiff feathers that cover wings and body -color and shape helps attract mates -have stiff central shaft with barbs that link together to form the smooth surface -High-Energy Animals

Food and Energy

  • to get the large amounts of energy needed, bird bodies break down food quickly
  • this process generates a large amount of body heat
    • birds can’t sweat so they lay feathers flat and pant like a dog -Fast Digestion
  • eat insects, nuts, seeds, or meat because they are high in protein and fat
  • a few eat grass, leaves, and other plants 
    • food goes into the crop (stores food) then to the gizzard
    • gizzard has small stones to grind food -after passing through gizzard it goes to the intestines 
Flying
  • Most birds have 
    • light-weight bodies
    • powerful flight muscles
    • rapidly beating heart which helps them get plenty of oxygen
  • Flying Adaptations
    • air sacs-special organs that store air so they have a continuous supply
    • rapidly beating heart pumps a fast, steady stream of oxygen-rich blood to the flight muscles
    • large eyes-allow birds to see objects and food from a distance
  • Wing Shape and Function
    • short rounded wings-allow a bird to quickly drop and pull up
    • long narrow wings-are for soaring -rigid skeleton-allows a bird to move its wings powerfully and efficiently
    • Powerful flight muscles to move wings
    • Keel anchors the flight muscles and allows the bird to flap wings
    • Hollow bones-so their skeleton is lighter allowing it to fly -Getting off the Ground
  • Lift-an upward force on an object that moves in a fluid
    • allows birds to stay in the air
    • is affected by flying speed and wing shape
      • faster a bird flies the greater the lift
      • larger a bird is the greater the lift -some air is forced over the top and some is forced underneath the wing
      • wings are curved on top which creates the lift
Raising Baby Birds
  • Reproduce
    • sexually reproduce through internal fertilization
    • lay amniotic eggs and keep them warm
  • Nests
    • birds build nest
      • Brooding-to sit on and cover eggs to keep them warm until they hatch; to incubate.
      • Birds sit on eggs until they hatch, sometimes it is done by just the female but in other species it is done by both male and female
  • Precocial and Altricial
    • Precocial-active soon after they hatch
      • covered with downy feathers
      • as soon as they can stand up they follow parents and can walk, swim and feed themselves
      • get warmth and protection from parents
    • Altricial-are weak and helpless for awhile after birth
      • when they hatch have no feathers
      • eyes are closed
      • can’t walk or fly
      • parents keep them warm and feed them for several weeks

Lesson Two: Kinds of Birds

1. Flightless Birds

  • most don’t have the large keel to anchor flight muscles
  • some run quickly and some are skilled swimmers
  • includes penguins, kiwi, and ostrich
2. Water Birds
  • include cranes, ducks, geese, swans, pelicans, loons
  • find food both in the water and on land
  • many eat plants, invertebrates, or fish
3. Perching Birds
  • have special adaptation for resting on branches
  • includes songbirds like robins, warblers, and sparrows
  • when they land on a tree their feet automatically close around the branch
  • their feet will not open even if they fall asleep
4. Birds of Prey
  • hunt and eat other vertebrate
  • may eat insects, other invertebrate, mammals, fish, reptiles, and birds
  • have sharp claws on feet and a sharp, curved beak
  • most hunt during the day, but owls hunt at night
  • includes owls, hawks, and ospreys

April 19, 2016

posted Apr 19, 2016, 10:45 AM by Unknown user

Science: Today you dissected the earthworm. Great Job! Now complete the worksheets for the lab and turn it in on Wednesday. No late papers will be accepted. 
Earthworm Exam on Thursday.

Also - I am not collecting Frayer Models for he 8th grade any longer. Instead, you are going to be immersed in small quizzes and note taking in preparation for multiple labs and human anatomy. 
May 3rd: Frog Dissection
May 17: Fetal Pig Dissection
May 24: Shark Dissection

Spanish: Spanish Exam on Irregular Verbs is scheduled for Tomorrow (Wednesday, April 20). 

Lesson Three: Irregular Verbs

A) Present Tense

Regular verbs follow the same rules of conjugation in all the Spanish verb tenses. An irregular verb is one which does NOT follow standard rules of conjugation, but generally follow the same ending rules as the regular verbs. Fortunately, many of the exceptions to the rules are predictable.  

1) The Irregular Verbs – Ver, Oir, Dar.

Ver = To See

Veo

I See

Vemos

We See

Ves

You See

Veis

You See

Ve

He, She, It, You Sees

Ven

You all, They See

 

Oir = To Hear

Oigo

I Hear

Oimos

We Hear

Oyes

You Hear

Ois

You Hear

Oye

He, She, It, You Hears

Oyen

You all, They Hear

 

Dar = To Give

Doy

I give

Damos

We give

Das

You give

Dais

You give

Da

He, She, It, You gives

Dan

You all, They give

2) The Irregular Verb – Ir

One of the most useful Spanish verbs is the verb “ir,” which means “to go.” This verb is an irregular verb because the present tense conjugations do not follow the norm which you previously learned.

Ir = To Go

              Voy            

I Go

Vamos

We Go

Vas

You Go

Vais

You Go

Va

He, She, It, You Goes

Van

You all, They Go

Whenever you say that something or someone is “going to” a place, you have to add the Spanish preposition “a,” which means “to.” We use the formula: voy + a + place

Ex)       Él va a su casa.                                   He goes to his house.

            Nosotros vamos a México.     We’re going to Mexico.

3) Changing (e) to (ie)

There are some instances when an irregular verb which contains an (e) within its spelling, which must be changed to an (ie). When conjugated, (e) changes to (ie) (with the exception of nostoros and vosotros). For example:

Cerrar = To Close

Cierro

I Close

Cerramos

We Close

Cierras

You Close

Cerrais

You Close

Cierra

He, She, It, You Closes

Cierran

You all, They Close

The following tables represent –ar, -er, and –ir verbs which follow the (e) to (ie) rules…

-AR

Cerrar

To Close

Comenzar

To Begin

Confesar

To Confess

Despertar

To Wake Up

Empezar

To Begin

Gobernar

To Govern

Negar

To Deny

Recomendar

To Recommend

 

-ER

Ascender

To Ascend

Descender

To Descend

Defender

To Defend

Encender

To Light

Entender

To Understand

Querer

To Want

 

-IR

Mentir

To Lie

Preferir

To Prefer

Sentir

To Feel, To Regret

Sugerir

To Suggest

 

** The verb tener (full conjugation) and venir (full conjugation) are (e) to (ie) stem changer with an irregular form of yo.**

4) Changing (o) to (ue)

 There are some instances when an irregular verb which contains an (o) within its spelling, which must be changed to an (ue). When conjugated, (o) changes to (ue) (with the exception of nostoros and vosotros). For example:

Volar = To Fly

Vuelo

I Fly

Volamos

We Fly

Vuelas

You Fly

Volais

You Fly

Vuela

He, She, It, You Flies

Vuelan

You all, They Fly

 

The following tables represent –ar, -er, and –ir verbs which follow the (o) to (ue) rules…

-AR

Acordarse

To Remember

Acostarse

To Go To Bed

Almorzar

To Eat Lunch

Contar

To Count

Costar

To Cost

Demostrar

To Show

Encontrar

To Find, To Meet

*Jugar

To Play

Mostrar

To Show

Probar

To Prove, To Test

Recordar

To Remember

Volar

To Fly

*The verb jugar is conjugated in the same manner although it does not contain the letter (o).

-ER

Devolver

To Return an Object, To Give Something Back

Envolver

To Wrap Up

Mover

To Move

Poder

To Be Able

Resolver

To Resolve

Soler

To Want

Volver

To Return

 

 


-IR

Dormir

To Sleep

Morir

To Die

5) Changing (e) to (i)

There are some instances when an irregular verb which contains an (e) within its spelling, which must be changed to an (i). When conjugated, (e) changes to (i) (with the exception of nostoros and vosotros). For example:

Reir = To Laugh

Rio

I Laugh

Reimos

We Laugh

Ries

You Laugh

Reis

You Laugh

Rie

He, She, It, You Laughs

Rien

You all, They Laugh

***ALL (E) to (I) VERBS ARE –IR VERBS***

Other (e) to (i) verbs…

Despedirse

To Say Goodbye

Impedir

To Impede, Prevent

Medir

To Measure

Reir

To Laugh

Repetir

To Repeat

Seguir

To Follow

Servir

To Serve

Sonreir

To Smile

Vestir

To Dress

 

 

 

6) Changing (cer) & (cir) to (zco)

There are some instances when an irregular verb which contains an (cer) & (cir) within its spelling, which must be changed to an (zco). When conjugated, (cer) & (cir) changes to (zco) (with the exception of nostoros and vosotros). For example:

Conducir = To Drive

Conduzco

I Drive

Conducimos

We Drive

Conduces

You Drive

Conducis

You Drive

Conduce

He, She, It, You Drives

Conducen

You all, They Drive

***ALL (E) to (I) VERBS ARE –IR VERBS***

Other (e) to (i) verbs…

Traducir

To Translate

Conducir

To Drive

Aparecer

To Appear

Desaparecer

To Disappear

 

Traduzco

Traducimos

Aparezco

Aparecemos

Traduces

--

Apareces

--

Traduce

Traducen

Aparece

Aparecen

 

7) Changing (g) to (j)

There are some instances when an irregular verb which contains a (g) within its spelling, which must be changed to a (j). When conjugated, (g) changes to (j) (with the exception of nostoros and vosotros). For example:

Corregir = To Correct

Corrijo

I Correct

Corrigimos

We Correct

Corriges

You Correct

Corregis

You Correct

Corrige

He, She, It, You Corrects

Corrigen

You all, They Correct

Elegir = To Elect

Elijo

I Elect

Elegimos

We Elect

Eliges

You Elect

Elegis

You Elect

Elige

He, She, It, You Elects

Eligen

You all, They Elect

8) Changing (gu) to (g)

There are some instances when an irregular verb which contains an (gu) within its spelling, which must be changed to an (g). When conjugated, (gu) changes to (g) in the first person singular of the present tense. For example:

Perseguir = To Pursue

Persigo

I Persue

Perseguimos

We Persue

Persigues

You Persue

Perseguis

You Persue

Persigue

He, She, It, You Persues

Persiguen

You all, They Persue

Seguir = To Follow

Sigo

I Follow

Seguimos

We Follow

Sigues

You Follow

Seguis

You Follow

Sigue

He, She, It, You Follows

Siguen

You all, They Follow

 

Ex)       Queda muy cerca del museo de bellas artes.

            It's very close to the museum of fine arts.

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